Machine generated contents note: List of editors, scientific editorial team and contributing authors; Foreword / Sir John Lawton; Preface; Acknowledgements; List of notation; 1. Earth system science and society: a focus on the Anthroposphere / Sarah Cornell, Cat Downy, Evan Fraser and Emily Boyd; 2. Fundamentals of climate change science / I. Colin Prentice, Peter G. Baines, Marko Scholze and Martin J. Wooster; 3. How has climate responded to natural perturbations? / Eric W. Wolff, Sandy P. Harrison, Reto Knutti, Maria Fernanda Sanchez-Goñi, Oliver Wild, Anne-Laure Daniau, Valérie Masson-Delmotte, I. Colin Prentice and Renato Spahni; 4. The Earth system feedbacks that matter for contemporary climate / Pierre Friedlingstein, Angela V. Gallego-Sala, Eleanor M. Blyth, Fiona E. Hewer, Sonia Seneviratne, Allan Spessa, Parvadha Suntharalingam and Marko Scholze; 5. Earth system models: a tool to understand changes in the Earth system / Marko Scholze, Icarus Allen, Bill Collins, Sarah Cornell, Chris Huntingford, Manoj Joshi, Jason Lowe, Robin Smith and Oliver Wild; 6. Climate change impacts and adaptation: an Earth system view / Richard A. Betts, Nigel W. Arnell, Penelope Boorman, Sarah Cornell, Joanna House, Neil Kaye, Doug McNeall, Michael Sanderson and Andrew Wiltshire; 7. Mitigating climate risks by managing the biosphere / Joanna House, Jessica Bellarby, Hannes Böttcher, Matthew Brander, Nicole Kalas, Peter Smith, Richard Tipper and Jeremy Woods; 8. How our Earth system science understanding shapes society's options : key findings, implications and a forward look / Sarah Cornell and I. Colin Prentice; List of acronyms; Glossary; Index.